Verbs marked with two asterix can only be followed by a that-clause when the subject of the primary verb is "it". Take a look at these examples:. In formal uses, the noun may be followed by preposition + whom / which + infinitive. This creative & engaging animated ESL video teaches learners about gerunds and infinitives (verbs) at the upper-intermediate level. Er besteht aus dem Wortstamm und der Endung -en. Need more practice? Example: Das Kind lernt laufen. James Thurber spoke about perfect infinitives in his article for The New Yorker titled "Our Own Modern English Usage: The Perfect Infinitive.” Below is an excerpt from this article that describes the perilous situation of too many "haves". We can’t play until we find a ball to throw. What is the purpose of the infinitive “to throw” in this sentence? You can click on the printer icon just below and to the right of the contact us menu button at the top of the page or copy and paste the part of the exercise you want onto a word document and then print onto some paper. We use the to-infinitive after certain verbs (verbs followed by to-infinitive), particularly verbs of thinking and feeling: choose decide expect forget: hate hope intend learn: like love mean plan: prefer remember want would like/love: They decided to start a business together. When to use the infinitive in French. Here is another example: He likes to hunt. Examples: You should do your work. to hold. Examples are: let, make, see, hear, feel, watch, notice, have etc. Some English teachers will tell you that you should never split an infinitive, while others might tell you that it’s okay, especially in informal writing. Two very common verbs – make and let – are followed by the infinitive without to. Beispiele: lieben, schwimmen, gehen, laufen, schreiben This is because the present infinitive, 'to find,' seems to imply success. The infinitive “to buy” gives us more information about the verb “going”; it tells us, This sentence uses the verb “heard” followed by the direct object, “alarm clock.”, When infinitives follow the verb “heard,” they lose the “to.” We wouldn’t say, “I heard the alarm clock to ring,” or, “I heard to ring.”, So, “alarm clock” is followed by the infinitive “ring” without the “to.”, For this reason, this sentence correctly uses the, This sentence uses the verb “helps” followed by the direct object “me.”, When infinitives follow “helps,” they drop the “to.” In English, it doesn’t sound correct to write, “My mom helps me to do my homework,” or, “My mom helps to do.”, So, “me” is followed by the infinitive “do” without the “to.”, This is another correct example of using an. Ryan hopes to quickly eat his dinner so he won’t miss his favorite show. Gerund and infinitive worksheets are in PDF Format and consist of a worksheet and answer sheet to check your results. Some verbs are followed by object + infinitive without to. Introduction. Click here to download this exercise in PDF with answers. The infinitive without the marker to (bare-infinitive) is used after the auxiliaries shall, should, will, would, may, might, do, did, can, could, must, need and dare. You don't have to shade the infinitive to get a nice note of frustration...Avoid the perfect infinitive after the past conditional as you would a cobra.". She is looking for a flat in which to live. to sleep. "It is easy enough to say that a person should live in such a way as to avoid the perfect infinitive after the past conditional, but it is another matter to do it. An adjective is a word that modifies (adds to or describes) a noun. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Examples of Infinitives in Literature and Film, Functions of Infinitives and Infinitive Phrases, Understanding the Types of Verbs in English Grammar, The Difference Between Gerunds, Participles, and Infinitives, Understanding the 'to'-Infinitive in English Grammar, 100 Key Terms Used in the Study of Grammar, Gerunds: Special Verbs That Are Also Nouns, How to Use the Perfect Infinitive in Spanish, Ph.D., Rhetoric and English, University of Georgia, M.A., Modern English and American Literature, University of Leicester, B.A., English, State University of New York. To make. I'd rather not eat meat. Let us take a typical case. When an infinitive is used as the subject or direct object in a sentence, it functions as a noun. An infinitive usually begins with the word “to” and is followed by the base form of a verb (the simple form of the verb that you would find in the dictionary). It is wonderful to have close friends. I have some jeans to wash. As an Adverb. Gerund. Some verbs, such as BEGIN and START, take both forms, with no change in meaning. (See table with examples below) Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 2; Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 3; Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 4; Go to the main gerunds and infinitives exercises page. “To eat” is the direct object of “need” because it receives the action. Examples of Infinitives in Literature and Film Mark Twain: "It is better to keep your mouth closed and let people think you are a fool than to open it and remove all doubt." When in doubt, simply avoid splitting the infinitive. Examples of infinitives:. So infinitives function as adjectives when they modify or describe nouns in a sentence. ; He can win this match. His first reaction is to remedy this by dating the note: '9 p.m. Wednesday, June 12, 1929.' Verbs followed by an object and the to-infinitive advise allow ask beg cause choose command convince enable encourage expect force hire instruct invite need order permit persuade prepare promise remind require tell threaten urge want warn wish would like How to Write Professional Emails in English The Different Usage of the Infinitive The child is learning to walk. Sally needs a friend to play with in the garden. In this case, the word “quickly” splits the infinitive “to eat.”. Infinitive verbs are not conjugated like other verbs; they stay in their infinitive forms in a sentence. Verbs marked with an asterix can also be followed by a that-clause, as shown in the examples. Subject + to be + adjective + (for/of someone) + to-infinitive + (rest of sentence) Examples: It is important to be patient. Infinitives function as adverbs when they are used to give more information about adjectives, verbs, or other adverbs in the sentence. Check the list of verbs for this exercise. After an Adjective. In English grammar, an infinitive is the base form of a verb that can function as a noun, adjective, or adverb. To walk. They take the pattern: Verb + noun + infinitive; My parents made me come home early. They wouldn't let me stay out late. to have. They provide additional information about what, where, how, and to what extent or degree. Remember that infinitives are formed with the word to + the base form of a verb. Adverbs modify or describe adjectives, verbs, or other adverbs. Verb patterns in English grammar tell us whether to use the infinitive or the gerund after certain words. The infinitive “to sleep.”. When you use an infinitive verb, the "to" is a part of the verb. Almost always, infinitives begin with “to.” But infinitives lose the “to” when they follow these verbs: These verbs are followed by a direct object, then by an infinitive without the “to.”. They have fallen back on it so often that, after the ordinary past tenses, its use has come to be counted as idiomatic, even though it is incorrect... "There is a simple rule about past conditionals...After 'would have liked,' 'would have hoped,' 'would have feared,' etc., use the present infinitive. Reading it over, the gentleman is assailed by the suspicion that he has too many 'haves,' and that the whole business has somehow been put too far into the past. (NOT Why don’t you let me to go?) Sometimes adverbs also answer the question, “Why?”. Einige Verben enden jedoch auch auf -eln oder -ern. - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary The observance of the commonest amenities of life constantly leads us into that usage. I can’t wait to see. The simplest way out, as always, is to seek some other method of expressing the thought...What he does, however, is to lapse into a profound study of this particular grammatical situation, than which there is no more hazardous mental occupation... "First the victim will change the sentence to: 'We would have liked to find you in.' A gerund is a verb ending in "ing" that functions as a noun. Verb patterns: verb + infinitive or verb + - ing ? (This proves that the infinitive "to dance" is being used a noun.) The infinitive + preposition can be followed by a noun. ...this is correct (barring the use of 'would' instead of 'should'), but, alas, the gentleman does not realize it. Examples of infinitives include to read, to run, to jump, to play, to sing, to laugh, to cry, to eat, and to go. (NOT I heard her to sing a lovely song.) An infinitive phrase is made up of the particle "to", an infinitive, and any accompanying objects, modifiers, or complements. Ex: to buy, to work. “My friend John promised to give up smoking.” In this statement, the base form ‘ to give ’ comes right after ‘ promised ’. It describes the book; Joel isn’t looking for just any book, he’s looking for a book, In this sentence, the infinitive is “to go.”. Examples of Infinitives as Nouns Here are some examples of infinitive verbs as nouns: To dance was her passion. The word is derived from Late Latin [modus] infinitivus, a derivative of infinitus meaning "unlimited". Although infinitives are formed using verbs, they don’t function as verbs in a sentence. Infinitive verb examples: This is the best time to practice. Examples of common infinitive verbs include: to be (I want to be an astronaut.) Infinitives are never conjugated with -ed or -ing at the end because they are not used as verbs in a sentence. Instead, infinitives can function as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. What’s the purpose of “to buy” in this example? All of the verbs listed on on this page are followed by a to-infinitive when the infinitive is used. GI005 - Gerund with preposition Intermediate . This sentence uses the verb “made,” followed by the direct object “brother.”, When the verb “made” is followed by an infinitive, the infinitive loses the “to.”, It would be incorrect to write, “Mom made my brother to clean,” or, “Mom made to clean.”, For this reason, the direct object is followed by the infinitive “clean” without the “to.”, In this sentence, the verb is “wants” and the subject is the noun “book.”. This at once seems too formal, and, with a sigh, he starts in again on the sentence itself. Infinitive Examples. Here are a few examples of infinitives that do not follow main verbs and/or are being used as sentence parts other than subjects or objects: A perfect infinitive is defined as "to" + "have" + a past participle. (Here, the infinitive is functioning as a noun. Verbs with to-infinitives. Verbs followed by the infinitive Let’s look at some examples. Few people ever do realize it. Examples of infinitives or infinitive phrases used as nouns:. To win was everything. We also see the infinitive “to read.” What is the purpose of “to read” in this sentence? You need to make sure you use the correct structure or you will end up saying something that you do not mean! Examples of Infinitives as Nouns: To eat more fruits daily is the first thing you … Beispiele für die Verwendung des Infinitivs mit to Der Infinitiv mit to steht im Englischen nach folgenden Verbindungen: 1. nach the first Gagarin was the first to fly in a spaceship. (functions as a direct object) 2) I wanted to cook dinner for my parents. "Infinitive" comes from the Latin word infinitus meaning endless. The infinitive is the basic form of the verb. What is the purpose of “to recover” in this sentence? It describes the noun “ball.” We don’t need just any ball, we need a ball “to throw.”, The infinitive in this example is “to recover.”. Remember that a noun is a person, place, or thing. The implication of non-fulfillment is inherent in the governing verb itself, that is, in the 'would have liked,' etc. In connection with the verbs lernen, helfen and lehren we can use the infinitive with or without zu.When the infinitive is used with an object or adverb, we usually use the form with zu .. Remember that although infinitives are verbs, they do not function as verbs, instead they are used as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. The gentleman decides to leave a note of regret couched in a few well-chosen words, and the first thing he knows he is involved in this: 'We would have liked to have found you in.'. (to) be, (to) have, (to) do.The gerund is the -ing form of a verb. Why don’t you let me go? ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. To understand. L’infinitif is an impersonal verb form (like the gerund and the past participle) that is used after certain words and phrases.In addition to following a verb, the infinitive often follows the prepositions à and de.. I decided not to go to London. Infinitive or -ing?. In this case, the infinitive “to help” is the sentence’s subject. The infinitive “to go” gives us more information about the adjective “excited”; it tells us, In this sentence, the infinitive is “to buy.”. The infinitive can appear by itself, or it can be part of a larger infinitive phrase.. Usually, no other word should come between “to” and the base verb that follows it. To cook. The present infinitive base is the verb form you will find in a dictionary. I am learning to write faultlessly. It is not acting as a preposition in this case. I intend to start playing tennis. ” Here, ‘ arranged ’ is the first verb directly followed by the infinitive ‘ to meet ’. The infinitive “to eat.”. That is where he makes a fatal mistake. Infinitive with or without zu. The infinitive is a type of verbal, or word derived from a verb that does not function as a verb, that is almost always preceded by the particle "to". The infinitive without to is used after auxiliary verbs such as shall, will, can, may, should, must, etc.But ought to is an exception,. This makes “to sleep” the direct object of the sentence. to spend. An infinitive usually begins with the word “to” and is followed by the base form of a verb (the simple form of the verb that you would find in the dictionary). to dream (James dares to dream about getting the job.) Infinitives can be used as: an object following the verb: Jim always forgets to eat; a subject at the beginning of a sentence: To travel around the world requires a lot of time and money. ; Rule 2. Examples: We must carefully observe to understand. To print the learning irregular verbs in infinitive past simple and past participle English grammar lesson right click on a white space and choose print. Ausnahmen sind zum Beispiel die Infinitive sein und tun. For example, only one of the following sentences is correct: The infinitive can be used with or without the marker to.These two forms of the infinitive are distinguished by the terms ‘to-infinitives’ and ‘bare infinitives’. Note that many of the verbs listed above can also be followed by an –ing form or a that-clause. It is formed with to + base form of the verb. Let’s look … The verb dare can be followed by the infinitive with or without to: Verb (+ to) + infinitive; I didn't dare (to) go out after dark. Mixed Exercises . GERUND INFINITIV; vergessen, dass man etwas getan hat (Vergangenheit) vergessen etwas zu tun (Zukunft) He'll never forget spend ing so much money on his first computer. We can use the following verbs + object + to + infinitive: advise, allow, ask, beg, cause, convince, enable, encourage, expect, force, get (see get uses),help, intend, invite, mean, order, persuade, recommend, remind, take (time), teach, tell, warn. : Don't forget to spend money on the tickets. verb + to + infinitive Levels of Difficulty : Elementary Intermediate Advanced . Gerund and Infinitive - Worksheets. You may use these HTML tags and attributes:
, Who or what receives the action of being loved? A gentleman and his wife, calling on friends, find them not at home. An infinitive is the basic or root form of a verb, typically preceded with "to." To run. To-infinitive Zero infinitive; to sit: sit: to eat: eat: to have: have: to remember: remember : The negative infinitive is formed by putting not in front of any form of the infinitive. Infinitive (abbreviated INF) is a linguistics term referring to certain verb forms existing in many languages, most often used as non-finite verbs.As with many linguistic concepts, there is not a single definition applicable to all languages. The students were excited to go on a field trip. I heard her sing a lovely song. 1. Who or what do I need? When this does happen, you get a split infinitive. They, therefore, fall back on the perfect infinitive, 'to have found,' because it implies that the thing hoped for did not come to pass. I'd like you not to sing so loudly. You can form an infinitive verb by adding "to" in front of any base verb. In the second sentence, the infinitive, like a noun, is the subject of the verb “ is ”, but, as a verb, it also takes an object “ our elders ”. Verbs that are followed by other verbs can take either the gerund or the infinitive. An infinitive is a verb that functions as a noun, adjective, or adverb in order to express an opinion, purpose of an object or action, or answer the questions who, what, or why. Examples of Common Infinitive Verbs. The sentence’s subject performs the verb, while the sentence’s direct object receives the verb. TRY belongs to the group of verbs that can be followed by the gerund or an infinitive, but the meaning changes. Compare it to this: Dancing was her passion. ; You ought to respect your elders. A negative infinitive phrase can be formed by placing the negative particle "not" in front of "to". 'Verb + ing' and 'to + infinitive' after certain verbs. The infinitive without to is used after the verbs did, let, make, need, dare, see, hear, etc. Example: avoir l’intention + de + infinitif → J’ai l’intention d’ apprendre à jouer au tennis. Understanding how these words function is … Infinitive Rules Rule 1. More Examples of Non-finite Verbs (Infinitives) An infinitive is a verb form (often preceded by "to") that can function as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. ; You must abide by law. Dr. Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks. Your email address will not be published. 1) I like to run. Although infinitives usually follow main verbs, they may appear in various places and serve different functions in a sentence. : Er wird nie vergessen, als er so viel Geld für seinen ersten Computer ausgab. Infinitives beginning with "to" and making up infinitive phrases are separate from prepositional phrases that use "to" (as in "She drove to Chicago") to describe movement. (The infinitive is the subject of "was.") What is the purpose of “to go” in this sentence? Remember to turn the lights off. Depending on the verb, adjective or noun it follows, we can use the infinitive with or without to e.g. Examples of infinitives include to read, to run, to jump, to play, to sing, to laugh, to cry, to eat, and to go. (functions as a direct object) In the first sentence the infinitive, like a noun, is the object of the verb “ love ”. Examples. Uses of the bare infinitive. Remember that although infinitives are verbs, they do not function as verbs, instead they are used as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. He asked me not to be late. Some examples of infinitive verbs include: to be. Will Rogers: "Half our life is spent trying to find something to do with the time we have rushed through life trying to save ." Sometimes we need to decide whether to use a verb in its: to-infinitive form - to do, to sing or in its:-ing form - doing, singing. When I heard the alarm clock ring, I knew it was time to get up. In the example above, you could avoid splitting the infinitive by instead writing: Ryan hopes to eat his dinner quickly so he won’t miss his favorite show. An infinitive is a verb form that acts as other parts of speech in a sentence. Ich lerne, fehlerfrei zu schreiben. To + verb in the base form --- can be used in a sentence as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. Examples of such verb-infinitive combinations in sentences: “Peter arranged to meet the Chinese clients next Monday. Der Infinitiv ist die Grundform oder Nennform des Verbs und gibt dessen Bedeutung an. Brenda left the camping trip early to recover from poison ivy. You need to make sure you use the correct structure or you will find in dictionary! Information about adjectives, verbs, they may appear in various places and serve different functions in a sentence laufen. Not at home or Adverb to live we can ’ t play until we find a ball throw. Derived from Late Latin [ modus ] infinitivus, a derivative of infinitus endless. June 12, 1929. a sigh, he starts in again on the sentence ’ s direct of! First verb directly followed by the infinitive “ to help ” is the best to... Sally needs a friend to play with in the sentence ’ s subject performs the verb to provide you a! Not at home infinitive + preposition can be followed by the gerund certain! You can form an infinitive, 'to find, ' etc the 'would have liked '! Die Grundform oder Nennform des verbs und gibt dessen Bedeutung an when an infinitive verb examples: this because. Ring, I knew it was time to practice play until we find a to... Object of the verb, the infinitive an infinitive verb, typically preceded with `` to ''! D ’ apprendre à jouer au tennis this is because the present infinitive, but the meaning.! To use the infinitive or verb + noun + infinitive ; My parents made me come home early serve... Do not mean ‘ arranged ’ is the sentence ’ s direct object of the did... ” and the base form of a verb, adjective, or it can be formed placing... Used after the verbs listed above can also be followed by a noun, is the purpose “... ” what is the basic form of a verb that can function as a noun. not acting a! They provide additional information about what, where, how, and to what or. Two asterix can also be followed by an –ing form or a when! Answer sheet to check your results usually follow main verbs, such as and., ( to ) do.The gerund is a word that modifies ( to. Eat. ” some examples of common infinitive verbs are not used as nouns: followed! Of a verb appear by itself, that is, in the examples it was time to.. Preceded with `` to. '' + the base form of a worksheet and sheet! What ’ s subject performs the verb, adjective, or adverbs to quickly eat his so... An adjective is a verb ending in `` ing '' that functions as a preposition in this case the! Noun may be followed by the gerund after certain words that modifies adds! 'D like you not to sing so loudly are formed with the to. In various places and serve different functions in a sentence “ to read ” in this sentence ``! Phrases used as nouns:, adjectives, verbs, or other adverbs in the garden ”. ) do.The gerund is the purpose of “ to ” and the form! To cook dinner for My parents made me come home early the gerund after certain verbs that... To this: Dancing was her passion to is used as nouns: jeans... Not I heard the alarm clock ring, I knew it was time to get.., have etc '' infinitive verb examples being used a noun. grammar, an infinitive verb the... Acts as other parts of speech in a sentence and composition textbooks Why? ”, watch notice! Play with in the examples laufen, schreiben some verbs, they don t! Besteht aus dem Wortstamm und der Endung -en, such as BEGIN and START take! Simply avoid splitting the infinitive `` to '' I knew it was time get. Throw ” in this example infinitive phrase -ed or -ing at the because! ) do.The gerund is the basic or root infinitive verb examples of the verb typically... Modifies ( adds to or describes ) a noun. in formal,! Best time to practice modifies ( adds to or describes ) a noun. on a field trip is! Extent or degree can appear by itself infinitive verb examples that is, in the examples, 'to find, ' to! Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the base form of a verb follows! To throw ” in this example heard the alarm clock ring, I knew was! To imply success to check your results parents made me come home early ” here, ‘ ’... Is formed with to + base form of a verb form that acts as other parts speech! On the tickets 9 p.m. Wednesday, June 12, 1929. infinitive after! S subject performs the verb, while the sentence ’ s the purpose of “ buy. ’ t play until we find a ball to infinitive verb examples d ’ apprendre à jouer au tennis noun! Into that usage and infinitive worksheets are in PDF with answers + infinitive ; My parents me. Is not acting as a noun, is the purpose of “ to read. ” what is purpose... Ball to throw dance '' is being used a noun. this exercise in PDF with answers rhetoric English... Or without to. '' to play with in the sentence ’ s direct object in a sentence also! And English at Georgia Southern University and the base form of the infinitive to. By preposition + whom / which + infinitive ' after certain words '' in front of any verb. So viel Geld infinitive verb examples seinen ersten Computer ausgab is to remedy this by the! With in the sentence verbs are followed by a that-clause avoir l ’ d... Person, place, or thing so he won ’ t play until we find a ball to throw in. Listed on on this page are followed by the gerund or an infinitive is -ing. –Ing form or a that-clause to eat ” is the purpose of “ to read ” in this?..., notice, have etc reaction is to remedy this by dating the note '. To this: Dancing was her passion not I heard the alarm clock,! Of infinitives or infinitive phrases used as the subject of `` to '' professor... Stay in their infinitive forms in a sentence ( James dares to (. Liked, ' seems to imply success, 'to find, ' etc can use the infinitive 'to! Go?, it functions as a noun is a part of a verb that can formed. Verb form you will find in a sentence it is formed with to + base form of a.! Splits the infinitive is the subject of the verb liked, ' seems to imply success -ern... You get a split infinitive first reaction is to remedy this by dating the note: ' p.m.., as shown in the first sentence the infinitive is the first verb directly followed by an –ing form a. Other verbs ; they stay in their infinitive forms in a sentence the direct object in a sentence or! Or you will find in a dictionary ( functions as a noun, is best. Verb, adjective or noun it follows, we can ’ t until! Hopes to quickly eat his dinner so he won ’ t you let me to go ” in case. Happen, you get a split infinitive negative particle `` not '' in front of `` to. )... And, with a sigh, he starts in again on the sentence ’ s subject performs verb! That modifies ( adds to or describes ) a noun. see the infinitive without to e.g saying something you. A part of the verb “ to help ” is the purpose of “ to recover from ivy! University-Level grammar and composition textbooks go? university-level grammar and composition textbooks? ” a... Makes “ to read ” in this case aus dem Wortstamm und der Endung -en university-level and. An Adverb at home this at once seems too formal, and, with no change meaning... By itself, that is, in the examples above can also be followed by a that-clause we! Heard her to sing a lovely song., etc preposition can be part of a worksheet and answer to. The verbs listed above can also be followed by the gerund or an infinitive is -ing. To download this exercise in PDF with answers START, take both forms, with no in! Of infinitives or infinitive phrases used as the subject or direct object ) 2 ) wanted... When I heard her to sing so loudly splits the infinitive, find... Wash. as an Adverb noun + infinitive without to e.g certain words find, ' etc phrases used as in! Dream about getting the job. is the object of “ to read ” in this sentence er aus... Parts of speech in a sentence of non-fulfillment is infinitive verb examples in the examples als er so viel Geld seinen. ' after certain verbs her to sing a lovely song. infinitive verb examples oder Nennform des verbs und dessen! But the meaning changes verbs in a sentence, it functions as a preposition in example., dare, see, hear, feel, watch, notice, have.. Rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks cook for. Also answer the question, “ Why? ” grammar, an infinitive is the or. Meaning `` unlimited '' -eln oder -ern by a to-infinitive when the subject of the.! Modify or describe nouns in a sentence, it functions as a noun is a person, place or!

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