In English, the word to always precedes the infinitive; for example, to speak and to dance are infinitives. But French infinitives are used in a variety of other ways, too. And de is required after many French verbs and phrases that need an indirect object , Keep in mind that de plus a noun can be replaced by the adverbial pronoun en . Some verbs require À or DE when followed by nouns. In such cases, one must memorize which preposition is used. Certain conjugated verbs must be followed directly by the preposition [DE] before an infinitive verb. There is no formula for why these verbs behave like this; they must simply be memorized. They are often translated into English as some or any. Whereas if the noun was not undegoing the action you would use de:Nous avons la permission d'entrer. Thanks for the answers. J’ai essayé d’appeler ma mère, mais la ligne était occupée. Verb + de + infinitive. For example parler (to speak), finir (to finish), and vendre […] In many expressions, the choice of the preposition à or de before an infinitive is purely idiomatic; that is, it is unrelated to meaning. In French, an infinitive has one of three endings: -er, -ir, or -re. À (to) and de (from, about) are the most common prepositions in French. The infinitive is the verb form generally used after a preposition in French. This lesson expands upon the list of common verbs you learned in my free A2 level lesson , and it includes examples for every verb in French with English translations. It’s very common in French that if you want to use verbs in a row, they may need to be separated with a preposition (de or à – we’ll get to à another time). We already studied common French verbs followed by the prepositions ‘à’ and “de”. Source: p 189, French prepositions à and de in infinitival complements, A pragma-semantic analysis (2008) by Lidia Fraczak, as part of Adpositions: Pragmatic, Semantic and Syntactic perspectives (2008) edited by D Kurzon, S Adler French conjugation: the best way to learn how to conjugate a French verb. du, de la, de l’ and des can all be used to give information about the amount or quantity of a particular thing. I intend to start playing tennis. Certain French verbs must be followed by DE, À, or NOTHING when an infinitive comes next. An infinitive is a verb form in which no one is performing the action. Now, here is a list of common French verbs which are not followed by any preposition when followed by a verb in the infinitive. Translate a French verb in context, with examples of use and see its definition. So, for instance, if something was being done to/with the noun you would use à+infinitive:Il y a un appartement à louer. Write the infinitive or a conjugated form and the French Conjugator will provide you a list of all the verb tenses and persons: future, participle, present, subjunctive, auxiliary verb. L’infinitif is an impersonal verb form (like the gerund and the past participle) that is used after certain words and phrases.In addition to following a verb, the infinitive often follows the prepositions à and de.. The French preposition de is required after certain verbs and phrases when they are followed by an infinitive. Does a passive nuance also influence infinitives when they modify nouns ? The second verbs comes directly after the first verb, as in “Paul adore jouer au foot” (Paul loves to play soccer). Example: avoir l’intention + de + infinitif → J’ai l’intention d’ apprendre à jouer au tennis. When to use the infinitive in French. In French, you choose between du, de la, de l’ and des, depending on whether the noun is masculine or feminine, singular or plural. 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